Loading Film Into Camera

There are various types of films on the market from which to choose. Historically, the most popular brands are Fuji and Kodak. You can also purchase film that is either black and white or color. And different types of film are designed to record images snapped at higher and lower shutter speeds. The higher the ISO number on the film, the faster the speed it handles.

A 100 ISO film, for example, is normally used for taking outdoor pictures. If used indoors, the outcome of picture will be darker and probably of poor quality. If a 100 ISO film is used to take pictures of moving subjects, the picture will look shaky.

An ISO 400 film, on the other hand, is suitable almost anywhere, whether indoors, outdoors, or for moving targets.

Lock and LoadSet the ISO on the camera according to the speed of the film. The ISO can be adjusted by using the speed dial. On most cameras, this dial is located on the left top of the camera, but it is not always there.

After this you should pull out the film tab from film casing approximately three inches. Using the release button, open the back of camera. As with the ISO setting, some camera position the release button on the left, and others on the opposite site. (You should take the time to become very familiar with the individual parts of your camera as displayed in its user booklet.)

Next, position the film inside the left portion of the camera such that the film’s flat surface is facing toward you. Then pull the film from its canister until it reaches the spool on the right inner side of the camera. Insert the film tab into the spool. Manually wind it counter-clockwise, the direction that wraps the film around the spool.

For an automatic camera, spooling is much easier. Once the film is properly positioned inside the camera, all you are required to do is shut the back of camera. This automatically spools the film.

When you are finished loading, adjust the film – if necessary at all – until the counter that sits on the top of the camera shows the number one.

At this point, you are ready to begin taking those amazing pictures. After each shot, though, manual cameras require you to move the film to next position.

Regardless of whether you have an automatic or manual camera, you should ensure the film is advanced to the next number after each shot and before shooting another picture. If the film does not advance, you could ruin a great previously-taken picture by snapping a second exposure on top of the first.

Shoot Video Like A Pro

Say YES to a tripod

The majority of home videos end up looking shaky, which is a drag to watch. Even with a small investment of $30 on a tripod, your footage look will look professional and steady. Also, you’ll have the ability to execute pans and zooms without trouble.

No tripod? Lean against a wall to minimize shakiness. OK, no wall you say? Putt your butt on the ground, bend your knees, and drop your elbows on them.

If your shooting an event where space is limited or you’re on the constant go I recommend a monopod. These are a real lifesaver. Not only can you get rock steady shots, you occupy less space and can relocate in a matter of seconds.

Give me light

It doesn’t matter how good your camera is. If you have crappy lighting, it will reflect (no pun intended) in your video. A quick solution to overcome lighting issues is to shoot outdoors preferably in the morning or late afternoon hours. Why? At these times of the day the light is less harsh and produces a more pleasant softer look on the video – no shadows over the eyes, squinting, or washed out skin tones.

If you must shoot indoors take notice of which way the light is directed in the room. Avoid shooting your foreground subjects close to bright windows behind them. You don’t want your camera to expose for the background leaving your foreground subject dark. Certainly let as much light into the room as possible and try to have the light coming from behind you towards your subject. If the light levels are low, its good practice to disable autofocus or you will encounter problems as the camera attempts to focus properly.

Hi-Fi Audio

Many people don’t notice good sound but they sure notice bad sound. Getting good sound does take some work but its do-able. The microphones built into most cameras are pretty basic and are not considered high-end. When your dealing with an uncontrollable environment it’s always best to get as close as possible to the source as possible to ensure the cleanest recording. You must monitor your audio with headphones to ensure the best results.


Proper composition is everything when setting up a good shot. Professional videographers obey the “rule of thirds” and you should do the same. Imagine a tic-tac-toed board over your viewfinder. The lines interact in four spots. Your goal should be to frame the action using one or more of those spots.

Of course, art is subjective and you can break this rule if your feeling creative. But exercise restraint: you don’t want to alienate your audience.

35mm Rangefinders

Though there have been many kinds of rangefinders, Leica was the first one to make quality 35mm
rangefinder cameras. Leica perfectly suits to the needs of the changing world. You will find Leica 35mm rangefinder very convenient and easy to operate because much of the camera handling is manual. It also has automatic shutter, speed control and other detail improvements to make your job easy.

The lens of this rangefinder has excellent quality. You will surely impress by the lens immediately. With it, you can still make brilliant snapshots under difficult light conditions where other cameras don’t. The Automatic Exposure helps your picture taking much faster. Simply adjust the f-stop and the shutter speed adjusts automatically. This saves your time and makes your picture taking much easier.

Leica 35mm rangefinder camera is one of the most feature laden rangefinder cameras to date. You will definitely notice its features, durability and ‘stunning look’. National Geographic photographer David Allen Harvey and Henri Cartier-Bresson used a Leica rangefinder and appreciated its quality.

You can greatly use it for street photography, portraits, photojournalism and travel. You can also find it the perfect one for discrete documentary photography, what the late Henri Cartier-Bresson referred to as the “decisive moment” photography. So if you care deeply about making great documentary photography images, then perhaps the Leica should be your only 35mm rangefinder camera.

Candid Photography

Plan For Spontaneity

This may sound like a contradiction but it is a good idea to plan for spontaneity. What I mean is, think about the event that you are photographing. If you are at a friends birthday party, think about where most of the guests will be during the party and think about where you as the photographer can stand to take photos without being noticed. A lot of people stand in kitchens at parties to get away from the music so they can talk and tell jokes. Think about where you could stand and capture moments of spontaneity from the guests without drawing the dreadful posed “say cheese” kind of photographs.

Take Lots Of Photographs

Digital cameras with big memory mean that you have the ability to take a large quantity of photographs at no real cost to you. This is perfect for taking candid shots. Take as many photos as you can from many different angles and from many different zoom settings. From this you greatly increase your chances of getting some real gems.

Human Interaction

Some of the best candid shots I have taken have been when people are interacting with each other. It might be an animated conversation about politics or discussion of a book they have read. It could be a couple of children laying with a toy. The point is, human interactions result in some of the most incredible photographs.

Never Leave Your Camera At Home

This is a simple tip but probably the most important one. How many times in the past have you been out and about and seen something where you suddenly say to yourself, “I wish I had my camera with me”. I know this has happened to me so many times. You don’t have to carry a big Canon Eos SLR with you all the time, just a good quality point and shoot digital camera will suffice for some good spontaneous shots. Don’t forget to take some spare batteries with you though!

Stealth Mode With a Long Zoom

For the ultimate in stealthy candid photography, use a camera with a long lens and hide behind some nearby trees or bushes. Paparazzi photographers use this technique a lot to take photos of celebrities in candid moments. You can use this technique to capture candid shots of friends and family also though.

Sharing Your Photos

Remember the days when the phone company, AT&T, was the only game in town? We were impressed with its telephonic innovations, but not until diversification of the telephone giant, did we realize what we had been missing out on in the way of telephone service, lower fees, and innovations.

Likewise, today, not everyone agrees that Microsoft’s Operating System is the all-out best system. You’ve probably heard of one of the rivals to MS, Linux. The founder, Linus Torvalds, of Finland, had the idea he could build a better operating system than what was currently available. Some say he did. But more importantly, in the spirit of sharing, he opened up his source code to the community of programmers and would-be software designer wannabes. The “open source code development” movement was born. Open Source affords anyone, anywhere, the ability to contribute to a development project or to download and use an application or source code free of charge.

Many a software company lost a fortune due to the open source movement, and scores more individuals have benefited from it. It’s quite a controversial subject among software firms and developers alike, even today. However, in the spirit of sharing, without “copying,” Linus Torvalds has been able to take the Internet to the next stage.

Yes, Copyright is a colorful subject. It’s also controversial, especially when you are involving artists, photographers, writers – the whole intellectual properties community, in the discussion arena.