Pick Your Photos For A Photo Mosaic

Photomosaic is an art that is gaining popularity in recent years. It has several forms and synonyms such as photomontage or phototiling. The techniques of forming this art are different and accordingly the final result. There is a technique that divides the master photo to smaller sections and picks the tiling photos according to the resemblance to each section. This technique usually uses a large number of tiling photos to find the best match to each section. The result might be appealing to the eye but I do find it lacking the personalization that I do expect from such an art. Especially when it is intended as a gift, due to the large number of cell photos required it might be difficult to present a subject

Another technique apply larger section of the master photo and embed or overlay the tiling photos so the master photo is more pronounce while viewed from a distance, while the details of each photo tile can be viewed in closer inspection of the photo.

In a third technique the tiling photos serve as the pixels of the master photo.
In this technique each tiling photo is tinted to the appropriate hue and intensity of the matching pixel of the master photo and replaces it.

With the last two techniques above it is easier to set a subject to the photo and get the personalization to the photo. Here are couple examples of a subject you can get with these techniques.

  • Assume you want to give such a photo to a friend of yours which is a freak of antic cars. You can pick photos of appropriate cars and use these as cell photos while creating your friend portrait. This way you get the personalization of the photo. It is not just a portrait. It has a deeper meaning in it.
  • You have your own small business. You can make a photo with the logo of your business made of photos of your employees/partners/customers/vendors who ever you want to give the feeling they are part of this operation to represent the business is made of the people in the organization and related to it.

Advantage of Digital Photos Zero Cost

With film cameras taking many photos was an expensive practice used solely by professional photographers. It is obvious that taking as many photos as possible improves the chances of finding that one perfect photo – the perfect angle, the perfect lighting and the perfect composition. After all if we could take an infinite number of photos covering all possible angles, lighting and settings we would eventually have taken the perfect photo. With digital cameras taking more photos is literally free and the practice of taking many photos and choosing the best one is now common with all photographers, amateur and professional alike.

The cost of taking photos was not the only problem of film cameras when it came to taking many photos. Film rolls are limited in capacity. The common rolls that are used in cameras hold 36 negatives. Taking many photos with film cameras meant not only high cost but also the need to carry many rolls of films and a risk that you will end up with no more rolls. On the other hand with digital cameras not only are additional photos literally free but the capacity of modern memory cards is so big that you can take hundreds or thousands of photos before you run out of space. In addition with digital cameras you can immediately view the photos taken on the digital camera’s LCD. No longer do you need to wait for the film to be developed in a lab. You can also delete unwanted photos from the memory card during the photo shooting session in order to create space for more photos.

So how can you take advantage of the ability to take many photos? The answer is simple – be creative, experiment and never decide not to take a additional photo just because it will occupy space on your memory card. For example with digital cameras you can easily experiment with shooting photos from unconventional angles such us overhead or floor angles. You can use the camera’s LCD screen to aim the camera or you can simple shoot photos blindly and later on choose the ones that are good.

In conclusion digital cameras are more than mere digital replacements for the old film based cameras. Digital cameras provide new features and the digital technology eliminates many of the film cameras’ barriers and limitations. The cost of taking many photos is an example of such a limitation. Experiment with taking photos, take advantage of the large capacity that modern memory cards provide and the zero cost of shooting digital photos. Experiment with new compositions, angles and lighting – even when you are not sure about them and even when you think that the result will be bad.

Dominance The Key

The two most common things that use Dominance on a regular basis are Close-Ups and Portraits.
With Close-Up work using dominance also means you loose something else. Depth is the most
common. If you shoot an entire field of sunflowers, it gives you one feeling; if you shoot one flower
only, that feeling changes dramatically. The only way to make this work to your advantage is to
have a large “depth of field” (meaning every detail is sharp from edge to edge.) Usually; although
not always, when you move in closer to something you are also cutting down on the amount of light
you have available. If you want a large “depth of field” then you are also going to want to give your close-ups more light. This can be tricky. In some cases, using a flash will simply blow away (way over expose) your subject. If you can bracket your exposures, then do it. If you don’t have that option, try using a white poster board and work with reflected light.

Portraits are the opposite side of the coin. In other words, the odds are that with a portrait, especially
if it is going to be a head and shoulders shot you will not want as much depth of field. When shooting women in particular; most portraits want a depth of field that covers from her eyes to just behind her
ear. The reason for this is simple. One small flaw on the side of her nose could draw your attention
away and ruin the mood of the shot. The nose is already a strong line naturally. Focusing further back decreases the likely hood that it will distract. Remember, the eyes are the windows to the soul, that’s where you want to focus. Although portraits of men tend to have more depth of field to show the
rugged texture of the skin, always be aware of lines that can distract.

In music there is a dominant beat or rhythm. In drama there is a dominant character. In life, there is something dominant that drives you. It could be your mate or your children. It could be your work. It doesn’t matter what it is, it only matters that you have something. This something gives you security,
or gives you confidence. When all things in life are crumbling around you, this is what you come back
to. Like wise it is important to have something; whether it is the subject or the background that
dominates the shot. If someone looks at your photo and has no idea what the shot was about, then
you’ve lost your viewer. It doesn’t mean there can’t be other things going on in the shot to support
your dominant theme, but if it doesn’t support . . .by all means get rid of it. By far the easiest way
to have a dominant subject is to get rid of everything else.

Look through back issues of Time, Life, or National Geographic Magazines. Some of the greatest photographs of all time are those that are simple. They have a dominate subject, mood, color, or
theme. Even when shooting nature, you don’t need to show every blade of grass. If you think a
particular tree looks really cool, then make it the dominant subject. Don’t confuse the viewer by
showing five or six trees and hoping they see what you saw.

Zoom in, get close. Don’t give them choices of where to look (unless the subject itself is multiples).
Force them to see what you saw. Make them feel what you felt. The first award winning shot I ever
took was of a mushroom. Most people only view mushrooms from above,or under their feet. I
actually dug down in the ground in front of this mushroom, so that could lie on my stomach, and
shoot looking up to it. I could see the fins under the dome that everyone else sees. I could see the insects, and the moisture. I could feel a whole world that most people just walk on by. It was
because I forced them to see, that it caught people’s attention. You can do this too. Force people
to feel emotions when they view your work and they will never forget you.

Future Of Conventional Cameras

Since the images that a digital camera captures is in electronic form, it is a language recognized by computers. This language is called pixels, tiny colored dots represented by ones and zeros that make up the picture that you just took. Just like any conventional cameras, a digital camera is furnished with a series of lenses that focus the light and creates the image that you want to capture. The difference here is then; a conventional camera focuses its light on a film while a digital camera focuses the light into a semiconductor device that electronically records the light. Remember the built in computer, it comes in here and breaks this information to digital data resulting to all the features of the digital camera.

Another feature of the digital camera is that it has a sensor that converts light into electrical charges. A charge coupled device or CCD is an image sensor that is found in a digital camera. While other low-end digital camera use complementary metal oxide semiconductor or CMOS as an image device, it can still become better and more famous in the future but most engineers are do not believe that it can replace the CCD for higher-end digital cameras.

A collection of tiny diodes, the CCD gathers electrons when they are struck by photons or the light particles. Each diode or photosite is sensitive to light, meaning that the brighter the light, the number of the electrons gathering will be larger

The price of a digital camera nowadays have been depreciating, one of the main reasons of this is because of the introduction of CMOS image sensors, this is because CMOS sensors are less expensive and are easier to manufacture than CCD sensors. A CCD and CMOS sensor works the same way at first, by converting the light electrical charges into photosites. Simply putting it, is to think that a digital camera works in such a way as thinking that the millions of tiny solar cells, each of which forms a part of the whole image. Both CCD and CMOS do this task using different methods.

When shopping for the best digital camera, take note of these key features.

  • Image quality. Check the resolution of the camera. The higher the resolution, the more thou will be able to enlarge your picture without the grainy or the out-of-focus effect that we all want to avoid.
  • Lens. Choose a digital camera with better digital zoom. The digital zoom of the camera will enable you take the pixels from the image sensor and incorporate them to make an image.
    Power. Always opt for rechargeable batteries, they can always come in handy, plus you don’t waste as much money on the disposable ones.
  • Options. So you can brag to your friends how good a photographer or artist you are. Or choose the one that gives options that best cater to your lifestyle, so you won’t ever whine how you never get the right pictures.
  • Memory. If you’re a photo freak, be sure that you have enough memory in your camera to take all the wacky, freaky, funny and just about any photo you can. Think 512MB if you’re a photo junkie and takes pictures of just about anything.
  • Computer Interface. Always make sure that it is compatible with your PC, laptop, palmtop or whatever your local picture printer software is, you don’t want to go running around the whole state or the country looking for a computer that’s compatible with your digital camera, wont you?!
  • Physical. If you are going to be bringing it everywhere, choose a handy and portable digital camera. This way, it won’t always feel as heavy and bulky as those cameras that you see professional photographers are always dragging on their neck. Don’t they ever get tired of that?!

Digital Camera Homework

The biggest thing to keep in mind when buying a digital camera is what you plan on using the camera for. For example, if you want a small, easy to carry camera for taking photos at parties and emailing them to friends, you probably want a small, ultra-light camera. These cameras are point-and-shoots with little or no zoom and a relatively low resolution, but the small resolution won’t matter unless you’re printing the photos larger than 4×6, and the ultra-small size of these cameras makes them easy to drop into a purse or shirt pocket for a night out.

Or, maybe you want to use your digital camera in the same way you did your 35mm, sending a few photos to friends and printing others out for storage in albums or for a few larger wall hangings. Then consider buying a digital camera in the point-and-shoot range, something with a resolution between three and five mega pixels. Though these cameras may not always fit in a shirt pocket, they’re still easy to carry and use. Most come with a decent optical zoom that will allow you to get close to your subject, a few different shooting modes for taking portraits, indoor, and outdoor shots, and various other features depending on the model and manufacturer. The higher resolution will allow you to print out crisp photos, either at home or at a photo processing store.

If you’re buying a digital camera to compete with your 35mm SLR or want to get into more advanced digital techniques, you’ll want something in between the point-and-shoot and the full-on, professional digital SLR. You fit into the “prosumer” category, squarely in between the professional and the standard consumer. In the past five years the digital camera market has really responded to this section of the market, offering up a large number of fully-featured, relatively inexpensive cameras. Digital SLRs with a full range of interchangeable lenses usually start around $1,000, while other cameras with many of the features of the SLRs but without the interchangeable lens system can be had for much less.

Nude Photography

Nude photography remains one of the most profitable areas of freelance photography today. For an amateur trying to break into the nude photography market, he would be well advised to contact publishers for advice and tips before submitting images.

When trying to find suitable markets for your nude photos, the same principles apply as in any other photography field. You must study “Nude Photography Publications” to find out what sort of material they use. You must find out what nude material is acceptable and what nude material is going to rejected.

For many people nude photography is distasteful, and every effort should be taken not to offend them. Nude photography has long been a cause of protest and will continue to be so, but will also continue to be lucrative to the freelance photographer while the market demands it.

Nude photography has its advantages and rewards, but if you are unable to create interesting nude portraits your work will be rejected. For a newcomer, knowing what and how to shoot is certainly not easy. Nude photography should be creative and one of the easiest ways of achieving this is to diffuse the model, this will add suspense to your shot.

Another way of creating creative nude portraits is to use early morning light shining through the window. This will add warmth to your image and give your model a golden glow. Using your camera’s aperture can also add mood to your image. Throwing part of the nude body out of focus will create mood and anticipation.

A successful nude photographer must to be capable of working with models. If you are looking to hire a professional model the best place to go is to your local modelling agency. Professional models will not be cheap to hire but will bring a great deal of experience to your photo shoot.

A nude photographer has a job to do, the same as any other type of photographer. He must be professional at all times, respect people who find nude photography offensive, and at all times respect the model that he is working with.

Art of Framing

When you graduate High School and you get your graduation diploma, what do you do? You usually
go home and frame it! When you get your first award winning photograph, what do you do? You
frame it! Sure, sure you could just throw your photos into an album; or stick them in a drawer,
but when something is important what do you do? You Frame it!

Why do you frame the important stuff? You’ve already done or accomplished whatever it is you’re
framing . . . so why bother? When you go into a doctor or dentist office, often you find numerous certificates framed on the wall. Why? It draws your attention and says: “Hey, look what I’ve done!”
and “These things are important to me.”

Have you ever been in a photo or art gallery, where all the work was either thrown in a box sitting
on a table or stuck in a drawer and you were expected to thumb through it? I don’t think so. Why
not? Because they want you to see their work, they want to impress you. Often the framed version
of the same exact image may be four to five times the price of just the image alone. There is a certain perception there on display. This perception; be it right or wrong, implies, that this image must be of
great worth or why else would we bother to frame it? Is it any wonder that you’re 10 times more likely
to buy a framed photo than just a print?

Knowing the information above, how can you make people take your work more seriously? How do
you let a total stranger know that what you have shot is important? Well, there’s only one thing that
can possibly draw your attention better than a good frame. That’s two frames. If your photo is
naturally framed; and then you add a frame and hang it on your wall, it’s no longer a photo, it’s
now a work of Art. If you believe in your work enough to frame it, others will take notice too. They
may not admit it out loud, they may not even know why they will want to look at your work again
and again, but they will.

In most cases, framing consist of something in the foreground (usually slightly out of focus) that
helps set off something in the background. One of the reasons this is such a powerful tool, is that
this is exactly how the human eye sees things. Think about it: A flower at the edge of a canyon,
you can either focus on the flower or the canyon, but not both. Your camera, can make both in
focus at the same time (depth of field), but that’s not really how you saw it. One of the key goals
of any good photographer is to make his or her viewer have an emotional response. The art of
framing helps to breathe new life into an ordinary shot. It can make the difference between a
good shot and a great shot!

Framing helps create a sense of depth by creating opposition. It can, but doesn’t always add strength
by duplicating a similar shape already in the photograph, that’s known as repetition. If you add a
frame on a shot that already has framing being used it creates repetition in another way. The bottom
line is, if you don’t think your photographs are worth a second glance, why should anyone else?
Using framing gives your pictures more depth and radiates a feeling of confidence. Give your
viewers a reason to want to look again. Use framing.

Tasco Binoculars

Tasco models are many and some of them are listed below for your consideration. You can not go wrong with any of these items. You will just need to decide which one is better for you and what you want to do with it.

The Porro model from Tasco is a very changeable model for you to choose. The ability to perform what it says it will has been shown in its reputation as being great. You will also love the look of the binoculars. These binoculars are coated with a rubber outside and have a clutch attached for safety for use in bad weather or bad terrain outside. The cost for these binoculars is $50.

The zip Focus model that Tasco manufactures is the proudest for the type of lenses that they use. Each lens is covered with a prism effect. It is well worth the time to get one. It is a priceless item for you to own when you are into nature, sports, or any other activity where you need binoculars. You will also see that it is a very affordable set of binocular to own at a low cost of $80.

Tasco has come up with a model known as the Snapshot. These binoculars give you the ability to not only sees the object you are looking at but, will give you the option to keep them stored in the binoculars. With a push of the button, you can save the view forever. This is great for concerts where you would love to have a picture of your favorite artist as they perform. This great binocular with camera runs in the neighborhood of $90.

The Roof Prism is the final model that Tasco creates. These particular binoculars are the ones to have when you have low light conditions. This binocular boasts of a pupil that is seven millimeters in diameter and will give you the brightest view you can get in any light. These binoculars weigh quite a lot. You can get lots of use out of these if you are into camping or outdoor adventures. You can own this great binocular for $200.

Improve Digital SLR Camera Pictures

Understanding how the focal length of your lenses relates to the
shutter speed you are shooting with.

If your shooting with a 50mm lenses the rule of thumb is that you can hand hold your camera with shutter speeds of 1/50th of a second and higher. With a 200mm lenses that is 1/200th of a second. With expensive image stabilization lenses you can hand hold a 200mmm at about 1/100th of a second maybe 1/60th of a second if you have steady hands. One trick I have used to squeeze an extra shutter speed stop while hand holding my camera is holding my breath and keeping my arm tight close to my chest. Knowing your lenses and remembering this simple tip should yield sharper results in your photos while hand holding your digital SLR camera.

Understanding the focus system in your camera

Practically every digital SLR camera focuses when you press the shutter button halfway down. Usually you will hear a beep and see a green or red square through the viewfinder. This is what the camera is focusing on. Then press the button the rest of the way down to take the picture. Understand that the computer inside the camera is looking at differences in image contrast and that difference is what is focusing the camera. Most digital SLR cameras also let you change the focus point manually to anywhere there is a predetermined point in the viewfinder. At a minimum you will get 9 points of focus up to 45 points of focus. It depends on the model and make of your digital SLR camera.

While executing my day-to-day shooting I always start with my focus point in the center of the viewfinder then I move it according to the subject I am shooting. It is easy to forget about where you set your focus point and then wonder why your photos are off focus or out of focus. So when you start a shoot the first place to check is where your focus point is and then center it, this should help you get more shots in focus.


Stability and when to use a tripod

If you are dealing with long exposures when shooting or if the shutter speed exceeds the focal length, then you need to use a tripod. All tripods are not the same. If in the studio a lightweight tripod can be used effectively if you weigh it down with sandbag or an alterative weighting device. When outdoors use a tripod on the heavier side is probably best, it also depending on weather condition. If there is a lot of wind you really need to secure the tripod with weight or some tripods even have a feature where you can spike them in the ground for more stability.

Any movement during a shot with a long exposure will almost always render that shot useless and that is why stability is so important. One of the newest advancements in camera technology is “image stabilization” in both lenses and camera bodies. This new technology is great and its best used if shooting with two hands on the camera and bracing your body against something. Still in some shooting situations there is still no replacement for a good weighted tripod.

How to handle strong back lighting

Back lighting subjects can be our enemy. Many people try to shoot a photo with a strong bright window light in the background, and then wonder why the shot did not come out. Why does this happen? The bright light from the window floods the lens, and your camera usually can not compensate for it. One way to combat this is to use a fill flash on your subject or use a large white fill card. Another option is to diffuse the strong window light and fill the subject with a white fill card. Do not be afraid of back lighting use it to your advantage, just remember you need to counteract a strong back light with a strong fill.

Select The Right Photography School

Just like any school you will need to do your research to make sure that the photography school you select will best meet your individual needs. This article is intended to provide you several of the key areas that you should take into consideration as you begin to research good photography schools. After all it is your time and money so you owe it to yourself to make a well educated selection.

In choosing a photography school you should start by looking at the big picture. The selection of a photography school must be aligned with your specific career goals. As with any business field photography presents many opportunities in a wide range of categories. For example, you may have an interest in portrait photography, product advertising, or sports photography. At this point you may be focused more on the general aspects of photography and if so that is okay. But, if you have an area of interest it is worth your investment in time to determine the areas of specialization your short list of photography schools may have to offer. It would also be beneficial if your school of choice provides courses in general business in addition to the photography classes. This will aid you as you move from student to professional status.

I am sure you already know this but I will say it any way. Professional photography is more than point-and-shoot method for making a living. It requires an attention to detail and a wide range of skills including mathematics, business management, marketing and more. So make sure that the photography school you select can provide you the knowledge you need in the area of general business education too. Since many photographers eventually go into business on their own you will find these to be extremely valuable survival skills that will lend to your success.

It is always wise to inquire about the size of the class as well as the ratio of students to teacher. To many people in photography class can really be a hindrance toward proper learning. And it will also prohibit the instructor from providing effective hands-on supervision to each of the students.

Another skill area that should be considered is in the area of computers and you should determine if the photography school of choice provides learning in this area as well. A good photography school needs to have courses on basic computer use as well as more advance courses for those who have an interest in expanding their knowledge of digital photography as well as specialty software used for creating a digital darkroom. Since the field of photography is a very competitive it is imperative that you gain education and knowledge in this area as well.

Lastly, keep in mind that any education will have a price tag associated with it. So unless you just happen to have all of your photography education funding in hand it is worth while to determine if the schools provide scholarships or other forms of financial assistance for their students. Also keep in mind that you will more than likely need to invest in some of your own photography equipment. So I would recommend that you ask for a listing of equipment that the photography school offers to their students as well as a listing of equipment that you need to buy. This will aid you in determining the total cost of your education.

Hopefully, these recommendations will help you build your list of investigation questions so that you can make a wise and well educated decision. Choosing the right school is just as important as having a good view of where you want to go. And the right school is the best way to help you get there.