First and foremost, let’s talk about what HDR images are. Because this is a fairly new subject in photography, the term may not be known to you yet; however, the concept behind it is rather old. Dynamic Range simply put, is a measure of how many levels of light an image capture device, such as your digital camera, or film can capture. Think about shooting a bright sunrise. Why is it that when the sun is exposed properly, the rest of the image appears dark and underexposed? Simple, because the camera used to capture the image has less Dynamic Range than the scene being captured. A sunrise is a high-contrast situation. The rising sun and the surrounding sky are hundreds of times brighter, than other elements in the image. While digital sensors are extremely sophisticated, and so are film emulsions, some scenes are still too much for them to render for bright highlights, and deep shadows. This is where the concept of an HDR image comes in. You know that if you shoot a sunrise, and meter for the sun, the rest of the scene will be dark, likewise if you meter for the rest of the scene,
First of all, it’s important to hold the camera still so your pictures aren’t blurry. Here are some tips:
- Hold your breath while you snap the picture.
- Squeeze the shutter gently – don’t jab or punch it with a jerky motion.
- Keep your arms against your sides. Don’t let your elbows stick out.
- Lean against a tree or building.
- Lean your camera on a fence, table, or something else solid.
In order to take good photographs, you need to know something about light and how to control it. Here are some pointers:
- The best times to take pictures are early morning and late afternoon or early evening. The worst time is between 10 AM and 2:00 PM. Bright sunlight makes people squint and casts dark shadows on the people or objects you’re photographing.
- A cloudy day often produces better pictures than a sunny day, as colors are more pleasing. Bright overcast is ideal.
- The sun doesn’t need to be right behind you, but don’t aim your camera directly at it or you’ll end up with lens flare – small dots of light on the picture.
The most important
Outdoor lighting is the best, ideally on an overcast day. Why overcast? Because if you shoot in bright sunlight, you will get harsh shadows and if your camera isn’t set properly – washed out areas! Especially if your pet’s coat has light colors like beige, light tan, light grey etc.
If you can’t get your pet outside, try and take your photo next to a large window where you have plenty of light coming in. Try to have the light at your back or side as you face your pet. Most cameras today have automatic functions and I highly recommend them. Unless you’re a seasoned photographer, there’s just too much messing around using the manual camera settings. And the fact is, you can get pretty good shots on auto! Certainly good enough if you’re planning to turn your photos into a stunning portrait.
If possible, avoid using a flash. It can cause red-eye and alter the natural coloring of your pet. However, if your pet’s coat is black, a flash or bright sunlight will actually bring out the shading and textures which could be lost on an overcast day. If you must use a flash, don’t
Firstly I use only SanDisk or Lexar cards. SanDisk was the company that first introduced compact flash cards and is still an industry leader. Lexar has a reputation of being very high quality because of it’s professional line which has a lifetime warranty. I use both brands interchangeably, and both have been very reliable for me. I choose their faster cards which read and write faster and cost a bit more.
When choosing a card, buy the fastest one you can afford. Sandisk’s cards get faster with every ‘series’ they put out: Ultra II, Ultra III, Ultra IV. Lexar lists their speed as 80x, 133x, 300x, that is how fast they write compared to the original compact flash card specifications. Most cameras can’t use all of the speed the card can handle, but what if you upgrade your camera? Also cards that write faster usually can read faster, meaning that downloading your photos to your computer are faster as well.
Many people say that you should not delete photos from your card one at a time. I have never had any trouble, and I do it all the time. At baseball tournament I have to shoot
Candles can be used in a few ways: they can be a light source that lights an object in the photo but not appear in the photo themselves. They can be used as a light source and also participate as an object in the final photo or they can participate as the solo object in the photo (or in other words simply a candles photo).
Remember to eliminate other light sources: The goal of candlelight photos is to achieve an effect that is based on the unique characteristics that candlelight provides such as its warmth. In order to maximize this effect you should make sure that there are no other light sources that contaminate the scene. A simple test for that is to blow off all the candles and make sure that the scene is completely dark. It goes without saying that you should make sure that your digital camera’s flash is set to the off position. In some cases a small amount of additional light source can be used. After experimenting and gaining experience with candlelight photography you will get a sense of when allowing some other light to penetrate the scene makes sense and in
Create pleasant backgrounds. Pictures are best taken when the background is clean and uncluttered. Neutral backgrounds are best, such as plain white walls, or various single-colored backgrounds. Furniture such as bookcases, tables, chairs and such will interfere with the quality of the picture and the beauty of the photograph might be lost.
Put your children in the pictures as well. Children are photogenic, and they do not have the awkwardness as adults do when asking them to pose in a photo. Therefore your children and your cat are able to look natural in photographs, and being able to capture moments of happiness as your child play with the kitten is most heartwarming. Let your children play or tease the kitten with some toy, and take pictures during these times, as candid photographs are the perfect ones.
Take pictures outdoors. Sunlight provides a better lighting for taking prettier pictures. The early morning sun would be the best time to take photographs. Taking pictures in natural light will prevent the annoying ‘red eye’ that occurs sometimes in photographs. With your pet cat being in the outdoors, the pictures will turn out to be more natural, as that is
However when it comes to organizing the photographs we have taken with our digital camera we often let ourselves down by using a photo organization software program that is completely in adequate. Certainly for many people actually locating and then transferring their images from one folder to a digital photo album is not only confusing but can be very time consuming as well.
But there are now programs around such as RoboImport which allow you to organize all the images you have taken into an image databank. With this program it will help to locate each image that is held on your PC’s hard drive. Then once they have been located using it’s built in EXIF metadata program it collects them automatically and then places them into one central place on your PC.
Along with finding every single image on your PC’s hard drive and then putting them into a single folder this particular image data bank program carries out the following:-
- It will organize your photos into chronological order which makes it much easier for you to search through the hundreds or even thousands of images that you have stored on your PC. Plus