Semi-Automatic Control

In the old days, when someone mentioned “f-stops”, we knew they were going to talk about “Depth of Field”. To those of you who have never seen an f-16, don’t worry, it’s not your fault. In this world of automatic cars and power windows, it stands to reason that automatic cameras, would some day dominate the market. That day has come.

In most cameras you now see several “automatic settings”. These include: the green rectangle, the small child’s head, the mountain with a cloud, the small runner, a flower, and a person with a star over one shoulder.

The green rectangle means go. Quick, don’t think about the settings, just start shooting. Unfortunately, this gives you very little creative control. It is a great mode for snap shots or someone who is too intimidated by cameras in general.

The girl’s head is a portrait mode; meaning the camera will pick a small f-stop, giving you a small depth of field. Before I go too far, let me explain the idea of depth of field better. Hold a pencil out at arms length and stare at the tip. Now look beyond the pencil. As the sharp pencil tip becomes soft and the soft background becomes sharp this is “Depth of Field”. The human eye can only focus on one point at a time; but how wide that area of focus is, does vary greatly.

If I want to take a picture of my cute granddaughter who’s playing beside the garbage can, do I want all the garbage can in focus? No. I only want to see my granddaughter, so I choose a “Small” Depth of Field.

If on the other hand, this cute kid is playing in Zion’s National Park in front of a waterfall, do I want both child and water fall in focus? Yes. That’s when I use a landscape mode (the small mountain and cloud), because that’s when the camera would pick a “Large” Depth of field. The easiest way to remember this is: small child equals a small amount in focus. Large Mountain equals a large amount in focus.

The small runner is a sports mode. This allows the camera to pick a fast shutter speed which can stop action. The opposite would be the person with a star. Although basically meant as a night shot mode, it also forces the camera to use a slower shutter speed, good for dreamy effects on moving water.

The flower is a close-up mode – which is similar to the portrait mode, but on a much closer scale. In most cases, the Depth of Field is fairly small. Remember that close-up generally means taking pictures within a foot or two, NOT an inch or two. To get that close you either need a special Macro Lens . . . or a set of Close-Up filters to increase your magnification.

The person with a star over one shoulder indicates a long exposure. Don’t even play
with this mode unless you are using a tripod. This is where you start shooting in full
seconds, full minutes, or even hours. Great for fireworks or lightning, but not something
you want to hold by hand.

Hire a Wedding Photographer

Consider Specialties

Expertise is one of the main things you need to look for when hiring a wedding photographer. For example, different photographers have different specialties such as product photography, portraits, wedding suits, and architecture just to name a few. So, it’s important to consider the specialty of your desired photographer.

Get Recommendations

Another tip is to get recommendation from your family members and friends. As a matter of fact, this is the easiest way to make the right choice. You can also go online and read reviews on some photographers in your area. If a photographer has a lot of positive reviews, it means they are reliable.

Check Their Portfolio

Another way to judge if a photographer has good skills is to ask them to show their past work. Actually, professional photographers have a portfolio for their clients. You can find this portfolio on their social media pages, blog or website.

Photography Style

Every photographer has their own style when it comes to photography. Therefore you may want to decide on the type of photography you want to get done. For example, if you want them to shoot realistic photos, make sure you ask them about it.

Again, you can take a look at the portfolio of the photographer to find out what type of photography they usually do.

Interviews

After you have considered the points given above, you may want to interview a few photographers to find out more about them. You may want to ask questions until you are satisfied. What you need to do is work with your photographer so that they can save your precious moments. Let them know if you have a specific set of shots that you want them to capture on your wedding day.

Answer your Photographer’s Questions

Just like you, your photographer may also have some questions to ask. Some of their questions will be about your event and budget. Make sure you give clear answers to their questions.

Consider their Experience

Inexperienced photographers are like fresh drivers that have no idea what they are going to do. The reason is that inexperienced drivers make a lot of costly mistakes. For your wedding photography, you should hire a photographer that will work without making a lot of mistakes. After all, you want all of your photos free of noise.

Meade Binoculars

You can get the 8×42 Capture View from the Meade Company for $300. This set of binoculars that will give pictures from a 2.0 mega pixel camera. This product is one of the top items that hold a roof prism design that will also give you the ability to record videos on the binoculars. It is a great thing to take along with you on a trip outdoors and also a concert. You can even use it for industry use or construction sites that need to have an extra security feature to them.

For $300, you can get yourself the 9×63 Astronomical brands from the Meade Company. These binoculars will take you into the sky for a great view. This is a great product for viewing the stars. If you are thinking about a date in the night, you might want to lie on a blanket and do some stargazing.

The 16×50 Travel was made for those who like to see nature. This product is great for going to games like golf where you want to see things close up. These lenses on this binocular [http://www.binoculars-rating.com/Digital_Camera_Binoculars/] are coated completely and the binoculars will not be bad for you even when you realize that you are a long way from the thing you are looking at. You will love it at a simple $100 price.

The Meade Company also makes the Kestrel 10×42 binocular. These work so great for beginners and also experts for the outdoor use. This set of binoculars will give you the greatest view from the optical lenses and will also make you sure that you will get a clear picture. This binocular gives you the closest focus even when you are only a few feet away for the low price of $250.

The Montana is the last of the binoculars in this article that offers you a 7×42 magnification a high tech options. This set of binoculars will produce a good light when the light you have is very low. Others will not be able to give you the extra half hour at dawn and dusk that these binoculars can give you for $400. You will be able to relax about any mist because the nitrogen has been removed from them.

Image Multipliers

Each time they acquire a new stock agency, they gain certain electronic rights for that agency’s photos. They also take steps to gain the right to digitally combine those images with other images in their files, by use of a waiver clause in their contracts with photographers.

Photographers who are not aware of what they are signing can inadvertently waive the attributions and integrity rights to a single photo or group of photos.

The mathematics of this process are ingenious. Not only do the Big 3 acquire new companies and new images, but an exponential expansion of certain of those images, whose copyright can become their property, according to current Copyright interpretation.

As we move into the Digital Age of photography, this new genre of photo is emerging. It has not arrived on main-street-digital yet — but we see prototypes of it in print ads and especially on TV.

I call this the Kaleidoscope Strategy. (Remember the tube toy you used to raise to the sky and then marveled at the changing myriad images as you turned the tube?) In terms of arithmetic, it goes like this: Any one of The Big 3 select five of their waivered pictures, digitize them, combine elements from the five into a variety of 25 new pictures, each substantially different from the original (green sky on this one, a small tree from that one, a vintage automobile from this one, etc.) and presto! You have a completely different mood, expression, and feeling to each new photo -and none are recognizable as any of the five original pictures.

Photographers who have signed contracts with the Big 3, signed in good faith expecting their pictures to continue to belong to them. Their original contracts may discuss not altering their original photos, but never mention extracting parts of an image to produce a new image of separate copyright. Some “work for hire” contracts, for example, stipulate “we retain usage rights in any medium now known or hereinafter developed for no additional payment.” As you can see, the photographer loses control of his/her picture when it is combined with parts of other photographers’ images.

Get Paid For Your Photos

Research the Stock Photography Market

If you want to get paid for your photos you should take time to research which photos are more marketable and more in demand. Also give some consideration to those categories for which there seems to be an “under-supply”.

Most micro stock photography web sites make it relatively easy to see their most popular photos. You can determine quickly which types of photographs sell more than others and are downloaded the most.

Take Good Photos

Your success in getting paid for your photos will ultimately come down to your ability to take great photographs. There are many good books, web sites, and training courses that will give you the training you need to be a good photographer. If you want to get paid for your photos, then you must learn to take an above average photo that clients will love at first glance and won’t be able to resist.

Submit Your Photos to Stock Photography Sites

There are many stock photography sites to which you can submit your photos. Many of these are actually referred to as “micro stock photography” sites. Microstock photography agencies are different to traditional stock photography agencies in that they usually sources their images almost exclusively through the Internet, working with a much larger number of photographers and selling images at comparatively low rates. They will work not only with professional freelance photographers but also “amateurs” and “hobbyists”.

Get Paid For Your Photos Many Times Over

Stock photography sites are not the only way to get paid for your photos. You can also take your photographs and create products for sale. Some examples of possible photography products include posters, prints, postcards, t-shirts and even books.

Advent of Digital Photography

Whether we like it or not the great Digital Transformation is here and we have to keep up with it. Thus, this give rise to the battle for the niche market for digital cameras. All over the world, every camera industries have gone Digital. Five years ago 99% of the nation would never have dreamed of getting a Digital camera, the mega pixel demands have been the battle amongst the camera manufacturers.

With the dramatic increase in this new technology people are taking a lot more photographs because it is so simple and inexpensive to take Digital photographs and archive them. People all over the universe have armed themselves with knowledge from many resources like Guide-books on Digital Photography, manuals, handbook etc.

However, the Digital photography era has been well received by the world judging from the higher sales of digital cameras recorded. Every body regardless of their ages ,you will chance amongst the tourist attraction spots shooting every memorable moments with their Digital cameras.

The greatest moment is that they can view, print, email or archived all what their Digital cameras have recorded with the simple action of aim and shoot. The next step is to improve on their skills on quality shooting and making it into multi-media formats. Indeed, the Advent of the Digital Photography is the greatest Breakthrough in the 21stcentury,thus, the enhancing the quality of lives and gratification for the fast technological era.

Focus On Sports

Keeping the focus on the main action is sometimes harder than you think. With all the other players moving through your shot, sometimes the camera thinks they are the action and changes focus to them. Singling out the play, and keeping the focus on it is the secret to great shots.

To allow your camera to ‘track’ the play and change the focus as the play moves around, you must set the camera to a continuous focus mode. Canon calls it AI Servo (Nikon calls it AF-C) and you have the camera ‘acquire’ the focus by picking up the action you want in the center focusing spot. Then as the play moves around the frame, the focus can track the play.

This works great until another player gets between you and the focus point. As you may know, autofocus locks onto the object closest to the camera in the focus area. So as a player moves between you and the play, the focus changes to the new player and spoils your shots until you reacquire the original play.

On many digital SLR’s there is a function that allows you to change the way the shutter release and the autofocus lock buttons work. Normally you push the shutter button and it turns on the autofocus and fires the shutter. By changing the autofocus to work when pushing the autofocus lock button, you separate each function to its own button. This allows you to have the shutter button half pressed and ready to fire any time, while toggling the focus with your thumb.

So now you follow the play with your thumb on the focus lock button. As another player moves through the play, release the button so the focus stops. When the player moves away push the button again to reacquire the focus on the play. All this time taking photos with the normal shutter button.

This way of shooting takes a bit of practice to master, but I don’t know of anyone who tries it, who goes back to the old way…At least for shooting sports.

Counter Image Thievery

On the technical side, some photographers point out that if the right-click “Save image as…” option is disabled, their images are safe. No, there are not. First, on the Mac and on Linux, this doesn’t work. Second, on Windows, if you turn off Javascript, this right-click option will work. Third, any image on displayed on your web browser (FireFox, Internet Explorer) can be saved if you look at the source of the page: it doesn’t take a Computer Science degree to do that.
Also, some software vendors try to sell you plugins that should solve this problem. Usually these “solutions” are quite expensive and truth is that even those most complicated software that require server-side and client-side implementations cannot prevent a screen capture. It’s as simple as that. Not matter how much money/time you spend, there is no technical solution.

If reading this statement makes you anxious, please consider this: How customer-friendly do you want to be? The more protective you are of your work, the harder for your clients it will be to see it. If they have to install a plugin to see your work, they might as well go next door. Besides, I personally dislike to be treated as a thief or a threat when I go shopping: that’s bad security because it scares your customers away. In other words, don’t “punish” 99% of your clients because 1% of them are thieves. If you don’t trust people, don’t get into any business at all.

So, what can you do? First thing, be careful to what you display and where you display it. It’s never a good idea to make your high-resolution photographs available for download on photo-sharing websites like Flickr. Icelandic photographer Rebekka Guoleifsdottir had a bad experience about this: her work was supposedly taken from Flick, printed and sold by some third party. This is every photographers’ nightmare. Of course, you can call your lawyer but it’s going to cost a lot and, in this case, the supposedly thief was located in another country making things much more difficult.
First quick fix: if you are using these services, make sure you do not upload photos larger than 500 pixels (largest side). Even if someone would take the 500 pixel wide image, he would not be able to sell it: it’s too small. Using Photoshop to make it bigger would only result in a pixelated image.
Second quick fix: apply a watermark. Don’t be too aggressive with the watermark because it’s visually annoying. If your image is no wider than 500 pixel, there’s no point in putting it in the centre: your image is already small enough and remember, you do not want to scare your customers away. On your watermark, you should display the copyright symbol, your name, and optionally a web address where to find your work.

Advertising Photography

Always remember, advertising photography is strictly done for someone else. It is not about you or what you like. It is not about how you see things and what appeases your eyes. Every shot you click is meant for a group of people who are the customers of your client. This group of people, in advertising parlance, is called the target audience. All your photographs should be – who the target audience is, what they like, how they see things and what pleases them.

That was the most important thing of advertising. Next, you have to keep in mind the message. Every advertising or PR campaign has a message. The message can be as blatant as ‘buy me’ or a public message like save water where the product or the advertiser has some role to play, or a subtle hint towards the product while campaigning for something different from the product. Every shot you click, ask yourself, is the picture delivering the message that the client wants to communicate?

Now last but not the least, trends. See what the trends are. If you do not fall under the category of trend followers, at least this is not the time to set trends. Simply study the works of the top dogs in your line. Research on what is accepted by the people and what do they dislike. Which ads are doing well and how much does Advertising photography contribute in their success. General awareness always gives you the power to fight the battle in the right way.

Visual Balance

Informal Balance is the balancing on opposite sides of a given point, by one or more elements that are dissimilar or contrasting elements. Say we had a picture of a baby playing with some blocks. If you folded that image in half; on one side you would focus on just the baby, but on the other side you would focus on just the blocks. Here you have two entirely different things that do not even remotely look the same, but that’s OK. Informal balance is less obvious, because its subjects are often not uniform, in fact they vary greatly. There is nothing wrong with this, because it gives the viewer more to appreciate.

Is one type of balance better than another? That depends on what you’re shooting. Buildings, monuments and cars are often taken as a formal balance shots, after all . . . that’s how they were built. On the other hand; mountains, plants and people often come in different sizes, shapes, and colors. Obviously, since I also used people in the first example, you can always choose to shoot any given subject in a variety of ways. This is where both personal style and taste come into play.

At one time or another, I’m sure all of us have seen or taken a shot of a mountain reflected off a perfectly still pond or lake. If you get in close enough (leaving out the things on the edge of the lake) the shot almost becomes an abstract work of art. Very interesting, very intriguing, very much a formal balance shot. But what happens if in the lower left hand corner we add a man in a fishing boat trying to net the big bass that’s on the end of his fishing pole? Is it any less of an interesting shot now? No. In fact, many would argue that it is now much more interesting. This is Informal balance at its best.

Both shots have emotional appeal, but one makes you feel peace and one makes you feel active. This is one of those areas that people who only take snap shots, just don’t get. If every thing you shoot is always dead center and always the same on both sides (formal balance) your work can get boring really quick. Don’t take that wrong, you can take really great formal balance shots, but you have to plan it that way. When you decide which balance looks best for any given situation; you are the master creator . . . you are in control.

Have you ever noticed two people arguing and suddenly a third person shows up and magically makes them feel like friends again? That third person has an eye for balance. He or she can see both points of view and has the gift to make others see a different point of view as well. That’s what learning balance is all about. As a great photographer; you should work at seeing things in more than one way. More importantly, you should be able to help others see things differently than they have before too.

One of my all time favorite photo lessons was to shoot a mailbox. The rules were simple. It had to be the same mailbox and each shot had to be uniquely different. Oh, and by the way, you had 36 shots. Think that sounds easy? Well let’s see . . . Up, down, left, right, close-up, far away, that’s great now all you need are 30 more shots. The point of that lesson was to force you to look at things differently. Most people liked their last three or four shots the best. Why? Those shots forced them to look at things differently. If you always shoot formal or informal, take a step back and look again. I promise it will bring more balance to your work and your life.