White Balance SLR Cameras

Many digital cameras function on the default white balance setting, which is auto mode, meaning the camera will automatically adjust to the type of lighting available for the photograph to be shot. The auto white balance setting doesn’t work equally well in all digital cameras. It can be tricked by several false cues, and so make a mistake while trying to determine type of lighting condition present. You get pictures you won’t be proud of.

Learning to change the white balance settings will give you greater control over the quality of the pictures you take. The basic settings in most digital cameras function well enough. The white balance settings outlined below are the most commonly ones.

  • Auto. This is the automatic setting discussed earlier. When in auto white balance, your camera will do the adjusting by itself depending on the kind of lighting it assumes you have on hand.
  • Cloudy. This white balance setting is used outdoors under cloudy or overcast conditions.
  • Daylight. When outdoors on sunlit days or indoors illumined by daylight style bulb or lamps, choose Daylight setting.
  • Tungsten. In some cameras, this will be indicated as “indoors” or “incandescent.” Interior lamps and overhead lights impart an orange or yellow hue to your pictures. Choosing the Tungsten white balance mode will alert your camera to make the necessary adjustments.
  • Fluorescent. Fluorescent lighting tends to give subjects a slightly bluish appearance. This setting will help to make the skin tones of the people in your photos look closer to the way they would be in person.
  • Flash. This is the white balance setting to select when using a flash on your digital camera.
  • Custom. Found in some point-and-shoot digital cameras and all DSLR (digital single lens reflex) cameras, this setting has a bit more ins and outs than the others. If this feature is new to you, it would be a good idea to familiarize yourself with it by going over a tutorial or two before proceeding.

5 Megapixel Camera

Finding the Best Digital 5 Megapixel Cameras

If you are in the market for a 5 megapixel camera you will be amazed at the enormous selection of models grasping for your attention. Many times this smorgasboard of makes and model of digital cameras can be very misleading to the average photographer, and finding the best digital cameras is subjective to each buyer.

What do You Want from Your Digital Camera?

The first steps to choosing your digital camera is to determine how much memory you want, what your new camera will be used for, the types and number of features you want, and, of course, whether these features and gizmos will fit your pocketbook.

All these decisions can be overwhelming making it imperative to do research in order to simplify your search. Then you will be able to make a more informed decision before buying.

How Much to Spend?

It doesn’t matter which camera you want to buy it is going to cost some money. How much investment do you have for your new camera? As soon as you have decided on a price range to fit your budget, you can start to look for the best 5 megapixel camera you can afford.

You will find good digital cameras from cheap to expensive. But, remember, the more you invest the more gizmos and cool features you will get. If you are merely looking for a simple photography tool, a low-priced model may be right for you.

Hope this report is helping so far. If not, you should find more of the facts you need about buying 5 megapixel digital cameras in the next few paragraphs. Keep reading.

How Much Memory do You Need?

Now that you have narrowed down the products according to a price range you can live with, your next step is memory. The goal here is to get the maximum amount of digital memory for the lowest price.

In the digital camera world, the quality of your pictures will be higher the more mega pixels you get. So, you can decide whether you want to go cheaper or better quality with the digital photos you snap. It may be worth paying a little more up front to keep from being dissapointed with your photography later.

Another thought to keep in mind is, you can add a memory card in the future to increase memory at an additional cost. The best 5 megapixel cameras come with an acceptable amount of memory. Most of the time you will get what you pay for.

Choosing the Features of Your 5 Megapixal Camera

Now you are ready to determine which features you want in a camera and which you can live without. Some digital cameras come with video capabilities while others are jam-packed with numerous settings to dial in a host of different picture taking situations.

The ultimate fantasy is to find a camera system having both within your price range. To commit to the best 5 megapixel camera for your picture-taking situation, think about where you take most of your photos. For instance; If you go to lots of different events or perhaps you are really into sports and you take lots of pictures at the ball game, it is essential that you own an exceptional digital camera with many different programs. If you purely want something for taking family photos or ordinary outside pictures, you won’t need as many settings and you will still come away with some good snapshots.

Finding the Best 5 Megapixel Camera

Now that you have found a 5 megapixel camera you like within your price range, have discovered what features you need and those you don’t, do an online search for comparisons of the best 5 megapixel cameras.

One tip is to read online personal reviews of individual models and also compare different brand names. The best formula for buying an outstanding digital camera is hearing what happy and satisfied customers have to say. Testimonials are everything!

Classic Camera Collecting

Here’s a checklist you can use to determine condition:

  • First look at the camera as a whole. Are there scratches, are there dents? Are parts missing, is there evidence it has been opened or repaired (look carefully if all screws are undamaged, and for signs the leatherette has been off to reach screws)
  • Then test if the shutter works at all speeds, especially the slower speeds like 1 second. A good test point is 1/10th of a second – it has a specific sound which will tell you if the shutter is off at that speed
  • For reflex cameras: check if the mirror flips up properly and isn’t dull
  • Then point the camera at an object at a known distance and check if when focusing the distance shown on the camera corresponds with the actual distance
  • Check if there is no play, especially at a film transport handle and between the lens and the body (try to move the lens while holding the body fixed in your other hand)
  • Then check the lens. You don’t want to see scratch marks or stains on the outside. Hold the lens to a light source like a light bulb and look through it. You don’t want to see scratches, and internally you don’t want to see obscurities or thin lines (fungus). Slight marks on the front of the lens are not so disastrous as marks on the back of the lens (inside the camera body)
  • Look on the inside of the camera for evidence of wear. Sometimes many rolls of film going through have caused a lot of wear. Shutter curtains may be damaged
  • For cameras with batteries: check the battery compartment. Leaking batteries could have caused a lot of damage
  • Check if the exposure meter works and gives a reading which makes sense in various light conditions

Zooming with Camera

In years past, cameras came equipped with a set of lenses, each with a different focal length. Every time a close-up or different angle was needed for a subject, the photographer had to select the right lens and make the change to gain a desired result. This was very time-consuming. Any minor error in judgment in that selection could easily produce a distorted picture.

With the rapid improvement in photography technology, a single integrated lens was introduced. This lens allowed a photographer to instantaneously zoom in from different ranges. With each zoom range there was a new focal length to the camera lens.

Three common types of zoom lens include mid-range, telephoto and long zoom. A single mid-range zoom lens can easily cover telephoto, normal and wide-angle focal lengths. To capture wildlife or any sports-related moment, typically long zooms are used. Portrait, sports, scenic and candid pictures are commonly taken using a telephoto lens.

Common Features of a Zoom Lens

  • Taking a close-up of a subject is achieved with the help of the macro focus option. The reproduction ratio of the lens helps determine the range of a close-up focus. For example, a 1:4 means that if diameter of the subject is 4 inches, the outcome in the final picture will be 1 inch.
  • Most cameras come with one-touch zoom control which allows you to focus and zoom simultaneously.

Important Considerations Buying a Lens

The most important feature to assess is range of focal length. If you plan to use a camera mostly for vacation or travel purposes, buy a mid-range zoom lens. On the other hand, if you are buying for sports or portrait photography, choose a telephoto zoom lens.

Consider the weight and size of the lens. Generally, the heavier and larger the lens, the greater its speed.

And speaking of speed, if you plan to use your camera indoors, buy a faster lens since it allows more exposure time, which is useful in low light locations.

Also, allow your budget to weigh in on the matter as well. More features almost always mean a higher expense lens.

Having a zoom lens allows you to take some stunning pictures. Before making an expensive purchase, decide where you mostly plan to use the camera, and let that heavily influence your decision making. Over time you can always purchase other types of zoom lenses to carry along with your other equipment.

Digital Macro Lens Options

Many of today’s digital cameras are equipped with a macro mode. This will allow your camera to focus on subjects closer to your lens than when the camera is not in macro mode. This is sufficient for some close range shooting, but true digital macro photography will require you to go a little bit further.

While most lens options require a higher end full body or SLR digital camera, high compacts with built-in lenses can also be used. If you have a camera with a built-in lens, the best option is the use of an auxiliary macro lens.

These lenses slip onto your built-in lens using an adapter. The lens and adapter are relatively cheap and the resulting images are impressive. Before purchasing an auxiliary lens, do some research to fully understand the specifics of your digital cameras lens [http://www.mydigitalphotoclasses.com/digital-cameras-lens.html].

For those with full body or SLR digital cameras, there are many more options available. Use of a dedicated macro lens is the most popular approach. Again, do your research to understand lens specifics before you buy.

Another option for your full body or SLR camera is the use of extension tubes. The tubes can be combined to vary the length from the lens to the sensor depending on the specific need.

One of my favorite methods involves the use of a device called a reversing ring. With this method, you can use all of your traditional lenses. The reversing ring attaches to the front of your lens and allows you to mount the lens to your camera body backwards. This is my preferred method because it is inexpensive, produces high quality images, and can be combined with the other methods described above.

Digital macro photography is one of the most interesting areas of photography. Using one or more of the methods described in this article, nearly anyone can get started with minimal investment. As you get more into this area of photography, you might find it helpful to take a digital photo class to hone your skills. Now get out there and start enjoying the wonderful hobby of digital macro photography.

Control White Balance

Auto 

As discussed earlier, this is the automatic white balance setting. When your digital camera has its auto white balance set, it will automatically adjust itself depending on the ambient light.

Cloudy 

This setting should be used when you are taking pictures in outside locations on days which are either cloudy or overcast. It can also be used during late afternoon in failing light.

Daylight 

Select this white balance setting if you are outside on a bright, sunny day. This setting can also be used indoors if you are using lamps or lights with a daylight-style light bulb.

Tungsten 

This is the setting used indoors. Note that some cameras will label it “incandescent” or “indoors” instead of “tungsten”. Using the usual indoor lamps and overhead lights will cast an orange or yellowish tint to your pictures. Setting your camera’s white balance to Tungsten will tell the camera to adjust for those differences.

Fluorescent 

Use this setting when you are taking photos in places that use fluorescent lights. Fluorescent lights cast a slight blue tint, so the “tungsten” setting will make the skin tones of people in your pictures look much more natural.

Flash 

This is self-explanatory. It is meant to be used when you need to use the flash on your digital camera.

a630 Canon Powershot

Because the a630 Canon Powershot is so easy to use, it is an excellent choice if you are a beginning photographer. This digital camera is sophisticated enough to give you outstanding picture quality while you are developing your photography skills.

It is also a great choice for the family that wants a convenient and dependable way to record birthday parties, family reunions, and all those other treasured family events. The a630 is lightweight and rugged and it gives you outstanding pictures. You will be able to relive those family events again and again.

Since the a630 Canon Powershot is such a rugged and lightweight digital camera, it will suit you well if you like to take pictures on the go. If you enjoy hiking or biking, the a630 is convenient enough to go along with you.

As you can see, Canon has a real winner in the a630. Let’s take a look at a few of it’s features.

The Canon a630 has 8 megapixels of resolution and a 2.5 inch LCD screen. Canon’s top of the line a640 features 10 megapixels and a 4 inch LCD screen. The a630 uses AA batteries. I like that. When you compare the price of four AA batteries to the high cost of most camera batteries, I think you will like that also.

The canon a630 features a 4X zoom lense and auto-focus.The a630 Canon Powershot is also very affordable. You will find that it usually runs about $100 less than the a640. For around a couple of hundred bucks you can get this dandy digital camera. Overall, I think the a630 will give a wide range of camera buffs an enjoyable and reliable experience. It’s a great choice if you are an amateur shutterbug, beginning pro, or someone that just wants to take quality pictures of everyday life.

Shutter Lag

It’s caused by a few things but the main one has to do with the digital camera technology itself. The image recording chip inside the camera is actually producing a moving video picture all the time. This is what you see on the camera’s screen or viewfinder. When you press the shutter button you are actually capturing a “freeze frame” of this video.

This is why your camera manual might refer to the picture taking process as “image capture”. Whatever it’s called, the fact is that it takes quite a lot of processing and therefore can take a significant length of time. Digital cameras, like all digital devices, get more powerful with each generation so you should expect that a newer camera would have less shutter lag than an older one, but there is no guarantee of that.

There are three possible approaches to the problem of shutter lag. You can either eliminate it, minimise it or anticipate it. Of course, a fourth option would be to ignore it and, if you only ever take photographs of relatively static scenes, you will probably never even have noticed it. It’s only when you’re trying to capture a fleeting moment or a moving subject that you’ll find this to be a problem.

There is only one sure-fire way to do this and that is by using a semi-professional or professional Dslr type camera. These cameras have an “old fashioned” mechanical shutter that has no lag. However because of that, you don’t get a “live” view in the back of the camera so you have to use the eyepiece just like you did with a film camera.

The way digital cameras capture images is not the only reason for the delay, some of the settings on your camera can have a profound effect on the amount of lag. The worst culprit by far is an “anti-red eye” flash setting. This will fire your built in flashgun several times before taking the picture.

A friend of mine once took lots of pictures at a party with his new digital camera. He thought his camera was broken because, in all the pictures, he had managed to cut everyone’s head off. It only became clear what the problem was once I saw him take a picture.

Basically, he was doing everything right except that the anti-red eye system took ages to fire all the flashes and only the very last one actually takes the photograph. By the time that one fired, he was bringing the camera down and looking for the next group to photograph. Hence the cut off heads. Once he learned to wait for the very last flash to fire, his picture composition improved immensely.

A smaller, but still sometimes significant, delay can be caused by your camera setting the exposure and focus before it takes the picture. Both of these things are done with tiny motors moving parts of the lens about and this will always take a certain amount of time.

You can stop this happening in two ways. One is to set the exposure and focus manually on your camera. Not all cameras will allow you to do this and I suspect that not all that many people will want to “go manual” anyway, but all is not lost. You can usually still minimise the delay whilst leaving all the controls on fully automatic.

Take your camera into a quiet room and very slowly press the shutter button. Before the button has reached the end of its travel you should hear (and possibly feel) the motors in the lens being activated. This is your camera setting its exposure and focussing before it takes the picture. Only when the button reaches the very end of its travel is the photograph actually taken.

The trick (or technique) is to press the button only half way down, and hold it there. Having done all the slow stuff in advance, pushing the button the rest of the way will take the photograph with the absolute minimum of shutter lag. This technique can also be used to “pre-focus”. For example, if you wanted to focus on something at the edge of the frame. You would centre on it, push the shutter half way then re-frame, press the shutter right down and take the picture.

As you might expect, this will take a little time, effort and practice on your part but it could make the difference between taking a picture you would want to hang on your wall and one you want to instantly delete.

To find out how much lag your camera actually has you can try the following: Find a scene with a strong vertical line, like a lamp post or end of a wall etc. Pan your camera slowly through about 50 degrees so the line passes the edge of the frame. Do this a few times to get a consistent speed. It might help to slowly count as you are panning.

On one pass, press the shutter as soon as your marker line appears at the edge of your viewfinder – but keep panning, this is important. Your marker should appear in the middle of the frame. How far into the middle will depend on the amount of lag. Repeat this a few times and you should begin to get a feel for the amount of delay on your camera.

Now try anticipating the moment. Panning the camera the other way, try pressing the button when your marker gets to the point it was in the photograph you took and keep panning. This time, your marker should be right at the edge of the frame when the photograph is taken. If it is then you should now have a good sense of just how much shutter lag your camera has.

Shutter lag is most annoying if you are trying to take candid, spontaneous photographs. That “perfect moment” is easily lost if you have to wait for the camera. One technique you can try is to start with your subject facing well away from the camera. Ask them to turn and face the camera when you call their name. The trick is to press the shutter as you call their name.

If they are still turning towards the camera when the picture is taken then just ask them not to look so far away from the camera at the start. Most people’s facial expression is much more natural if they are doing something at the time (like turning round) rather than just staring at a camera waiting for their picture to be taken.

Even if you have a feeling for the lag in your camera, it will still be tricky to capture precisely the perfect moment but there is one last thing you could try. It relies on your camera having a “multi-exposure” setting. However, many of them do. This setting will take several pictures one after the other as quickly as possible. So the technique is simply to take lots and lots of pictures.

This is a perfectly legitimate technique used by professionals all the time in fast moving situations. It’s just statistics really, if you take enough pictures then one of them is bound to come out “just right”. If it doesn’t then you simply haven’t taken enough pictures.

Find Cheap Digital Cameras

A good starting off point in the search for cheap digital cameras is the Internet where there are many outstanding deals to be had and where there is a lot of choice as well that includes big names such as Kodak, Canon, Sony as well as Toshiba that each have a broad range of cheap digital cameras on offer. And, times have changed because now there is no need to shop around as much to locate cheap digital cameras because most of these cameras are pretty similar and all you need to do is pick the brand name that you like the most and follow a few simple steps to get the best from your purchase.

There are certain sites where these cheap digital cameras have been compared and you may want to visit sites such as techbargain and also cnet.com where you can find many cheap digital cameras that are being sold in hundreds of online stores, and all you need to do is glance at the different products and check them out feature for feature and price for price.

If you visit eBay, there is sure to be a bargain buy available, and there will also be virtually every digital camera make and model available, though some of the things you buy on eBay including cheap digital cameras can often are a bit of a gamble, so it means that you makes sure to buy only from reputable sellers who have feedback scores that are excellent.

If you want to learn some amazing digital photography secrets then visit [http://digitalcameras.09cn.com] for more information.

Another source for cheap digital cameras is to visit digital camera forums that specialize in such products where you will be sure to find information from users of digital cameras who will provide valuable insights into the relative merits and demerits of digital cameras, and where you can also find cheap digital cameras through some of the discount promotional offers advertised there.

Future Of Conventional Cameras

Since the images that a digital camera captures is in electronic form, it is a language recognized by computers. This language is called pixels, tiny colored dots represented by ones and zeros that make up the picture that you just took. Just like any conventional cameras, a digital camera is furnished with a series of lenses that focus the light and creates the image that you want to capture. The difference here is then; a conventional camera focuses its light on a film while a digital camera focuses the light into a semiconductor device that electronically records the light. Remember the built in computer, it comes in here and breaks this information to digital data resulting to all the features of the digital camera.

Another feature of the digital camera is that it has a sensor that converts light into electrical charges. A charge coupled device or CCD is an image sensor that is found in a digital camera. While other low-end digital camera use complementary metal oxide semiconductor or CMOS as an image device, it can still become better and more famous in the future but most engineers are do not believe that it can replace the CCD for higher-end digital cameras.

A collection of tiny diodes, the CCD gathers electrons when they are struck by photons or the light particles. Each diode or photosite is sensitive to light, meaning that the brighter the light, the number of the electrons gathering will be larger

The price of a digital camera nowadays have been depreciating, one of the main reasons of this is because of the introduction of CMOS image sensors, this is because CMOS sensors are less expensive and are easier to manufacture than CCD sensors. A CCD and CMOS sensor works the same way at first, by converting the light electrical charges into photosites. Simply putting it, is to think that a digital camera works in such a way as thinking that the millions of tiny solar cells, each of which forms a part of the whole image. Both CCD and CMOS do this task using different methods.

When shopping for the best digital camera, take note of these key features.

  • Image quality. Check the resolution of the camera. The higher the resolution, the more thou will be able to enlarge your picture without the grainy or the out-of-focus effect that we all want to avoid.
  • Lens. Choose a digital camera with better digital zoom. The digital zoom of the camera will enable you take the pixels from the image sensor and incorporate them to make an image.
    Power. Always opt for rechargeable batteries, they can always come in handy, plus you don’t waste as much money on the disposable ones.
  • Options. So you can brag to your friends how good a photographer or artist you are. Or choose the one that gives options that best cater to your lifestyle, so you won’t ever whine how you never get the right pictures.
  • Memory. If you’re a photo freak, be sure that you have enough memory in your camera to take all the wacky, freaky, funny and just about any photo you can. Think 512MB if you’re a photo junkie and takes pictures of just about anything.
  • Computer Interface. Always make sure that it is compatible with your PC, laptop, palmtop or whatever your local picture printer software is, you don’t want to go running around the whole state or the country looking for a computer that’s compatible with your digital camera, wont you?!
  • Physical. If you are going to be bringing it everywhere, choose a handy and portable digital camera. This way, it won’t always feel as heavy and bulky as those cameras that you see professional photographers are always dragging on their neck. Don’t they ever get tired of that?!